A tribute to the Mercury Redstone 3 - Freedom 7 mission

Mercury Redstone 3 - Freedom 7 insignia

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56th Anniversary in 2017 of Mercury Redstone 3 - Freedom 7 mission is over since: 
 
MERCURY REDSTONE 3 - FREEDOM 7
first manned Amrerican space mission
Launch:  05-May-1961 14:34:00 UTC
Landing:  05-May-1961 14:49:35 UTC
Earth orbits:  0 (suborbital)
Mission duration:  15 m   22 s
Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
Image base: NASA Astronaut Biographies, Credit NASA
THE MERCURY REDSTONE 3 - FREEDOM 7 CREW
 
Alan B. Shepard, Jr. - Pilot

After the 1 orbit flight of soviet cosmonaut Juri G agarin on April, 12 in 1961 MR-3 was the first manned space flight of the USA. In contrast to Gagarin the flight of Shepard was suborbital. The Launch vehicle, a Redstone Rochet, was not capable of putting a Mercury capsule into an Earth orbit. The USA therefore had to get the Atlas Rocket ready for manned flight which means the Soviet union was in technical leadership regarding manned spaceflight at this time. The mission goal was proving the ability of putting man into space and the mission was successful. The mercury capsule itself was not capable of being maneuvered as following Gemini and Apollo spacecrafts.

Nach dem ersten 1 Orbit Flug des sowjetischen Kosmonauten Juri Gagarin am 12. April 1961 war MR-3 der erste Raumflug der USA. Im Gegensatz zu Gagarins Flug was er nur suborbital. Die verwendete Redstone Rakete war nicht geeignet eine Mercury Kapsel in einen Erdorbit zu bringen, hierzu mussten die USA erst die Atlas Rakete für bemannte Missionen einsatzbereit bekommen. Das bedeutet hinsichtlich der technischen Fähigkeiten im bemannten Weltraumflug war die Sowjet Union zu diesem Zeitprunkt führend. Missionsziel war das Prüfen der Fähigkeit, Menschen in den Weltraum zu bringen. Die Mission war erfolgreich. Die Mercury Kapsel war in dem Sinn nicht manövrierbar wie die späteren Gemini und Apollo Raumschiffe.

Mercuryy Redstone 3 Launch width=
Image base: S61-01928, Credit NASA